Cancer is one of the most dreaded diseases affecting man. There are many types of cancer, each of which affects a particular part of the body with their unique symptoms, requiring a unique treatment procedure. Just when man has finally come up with a solution to a particular cancer, a new variety comes around, posing even greater challenges for man to hurdle and a far bigger risk than the others before.
The Crucial Role Detection Plays in Treating Cancer
With the difficulty finding an effective treatment for cancer and the enormous cost the treatment process involves, the main way for one to be protected from it is detection. When cancer is detected especially in its inchoate stages, the probability is that better treatment will be available, promising greater survival chances for the victim.
What a Cancer Is and How It Is Acquired
Cancer is defined in medical circles as diseases affecting cells that display uncontrolled growth beyond the normal limits of cell division, invasion, or intrusion to adjacent areas, spreading the disease, or of metastasis, the process of spreading to other areas through the blood or lymph nodes in the body. Nearly all cancers are caused by genetic abnormalities. In turn, these abnormalities may be caused by a host of factors such as carcinogens, tobacco smoke, radiation, chemicals, and other infectious agents. Other cancers are inherited, which means they may have been present since birth.
Cancer Signs One Needs to Be Aware Of
Cancer affects people of all ages. As such, no one is safe from it. In order to be better protected from its ravages, one needs to understand the different signs of the disease to get better and more effective treatment procedure. The common signs and symptoms of cancer are divided into three categories:
1) Local symptoms. Local symptoms refer to anomalies in a particular area, which might be a clue to cancer. Such symptoms include the presence of unusual lumps and swelling in certain body parts, pain in the muscle, bones, and joints, and compression of surrounding tissues leading to jaundice or the yellowing of the eyes and skin.
2) Metastatic symptoms. This classification means the spreading of the disease, affecting other body parts. Signs include enlargement of the lymph nodes, enlargement of the liver, pain in the bones, fracture of affected bones, and possible neurological symptoms.
3) Systemic symptoms. This means that the disease has spread throughout the body and now affects the entire body system. Such symptoms include unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, fatigue and wasting, excessive sweating, anemia, and possible thrombosis.
While some forms of cancer are still difficult to treat, being alert on cancer signs is the first major step that will guarantee a successful war against the disease. On the other hand, more important than detection of the presence of cancer signs is the administering of the proper treatment or medication to effectively combat the disease. Hence, it is useless to be alert to the presence of cancer signs if one does nothing about them or does not consult a doctor for medical treatment.